The reference news: All of India to move to Bharat Stage IV

From April 01, 2017, all of India will move to Bharat Stage IV (BS-IV) vehicular emission norms. BS-IV is already in place in several parts of the country, including the metropolitan cities and most State capitals. Now, the rest of the country will also adopt this emission norm. It means that all new vehicles sold after April 01, 2017 will be fitted with BS-IV technology.

Benefit: When all of India mover to BS-IV which is equivalent to the Euro-IV stage, there will be a significant mitigation of vehicular pollution in India. It will help improving India’s air quality, especially in large cities. It has been a matter of serious concern lately.

Concern: The automobile manufacturers have requested for a relaxation in the deadline, citing the need to liquidate unsold stock of vehicles with older emissions technology. They report that a large number of vehicles with BS-III technology are still lying unsold with them and they should be given at least 10 months’ time to liquidate the stocks. Given the distress experienced by this sector lately, implementing BS-IV norms all over India at this point of time will be a serious setback.

What is Bharat Stage?

The BS — or Bharat Stage — emission standards are norms instituted by the government to regulate the output of air pollutants from internal combustion engine equipment, including motor vehicles.

India has been following the European (Euro) emission norms, though with a time-lag of five years.

India introduced emission norms first in 1991, and tightened them in 1996. Following the landmark Supreme Court order of April 1999, the Centre notified Bharat Stage-I (BIS 2000) and Bharat Stage-II norms, broadly equivalent to Euro I and Euro II respectively. BS-II was for the NCR and other metros; BS-I for the rest of India.

From April 2005, BS-III and BS-II fuel quality norms came into existence for 13 major cities, and for the rest of the country respectively. From April 2010, BS-IV and BS-III norms were put in place in 13 major cities and the rest of India respectively.

As per the roadmap in the auto fuel policy, BS-V and BS-VI norms were to be implemented from April 1, 2022, and April 1, 2024, respectively. But in November 2015, the Road Transport Ministry decided to move to BS-VI from April 1, 2020 effectively skipping BS-V all together.