The State of Uttarakhand is soon going to have 2 new Tiger Reserves.
This will bring the total number of Tiger Reserves in the State at 4.
The two new reserves are being developed at:
- Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary, which falls under the Terai Arc Landscape spanning across India and Nepal
- Surai Range in the Terai East division of the Uttarakhand
The State already has 2 Tiger Reserves.
- Corbett Tiger Reserve
- Rajaji Tiger Reserve
According to the tiger census data released in 2015, Uttarakhand has 340 tigers. This makes the State to have the second highest tiger population in the country after Karnataka.
Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve has the country’s largest population of tigers. (Read more)
About Tiger Reserves
- Tiger Reserves are protected areas established under the Project Tiger, India’s flagship wildlife conservation programme for protecting the National Animal of India – Tiger (Panthera tigris)
- The Project Tiger was launched in 1973
- The Tiger Reserves enjoy the status of National Parks in India.
- Since 2006, the Tiger Reserves have been administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), which is a statutory body established under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
India, as on 20 December, 2016, has 50 Tiger Reserves. The list of Tiger Reserves is given below statewise.
|Sl. No.||Name of Tiger Reserve||State|
|1||Nagarjunsagar Srisailam (part)||Andhra Pradesh|
|3||Kamlang Tiger Reserve||Arunachal Pradesh|
|7||Orang Tiger Reserve||Assam|
|18||Biligiri Ranganatha Temple||Karnataka|
|47||Amangarh (buffer of Corbett TR)||Uttar Pradesh|
Latest figures on Tigers in India
“Status of Tigers in India, 2014” report was released in the public domain in January 2015. The report is prepared by collaborative efforts of NTCA and WII. This is the third round of the country-level tiger assessment. The earlier rounds were done in 2006 and 2010.
- India now has 70 per cent of the tiger population in the world
- The total number is about 2,226 big cats. These tigers are present in 3,78,118 sq.km of forests in 47 reserves in 18 States.
- It is a rise of 30 per cent from 1,706 in 2010
- The average rate of annual rise since 2006 is 6% per annum.
- This is truly remarkable while the world lost 97 per cent tigers in the last 50 years in 13 countries.
In Western Ghats Landscape complex
- Western Ghats Landscape complex — Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and Tamil Nadu — has 776 tigers (up from 402 in 2006). It holds world’s single largest population of tigers.
- The largest increase is recorded in the The Mudumalai-Bandipur-Nagarahole-Wayanad complex holds the world’s single largest tiger population currently estimated at over 570 tigers (in 11,000 sq.km of habitat), the report says.
- Karnataka has the highest number of tigers (406).
- Goa now has a persistent tiger presence with 3 to 5 animals.
- Tiger population in Uttarakhand has risen from 227 to 340 since the last census, becoming the second State in the country after Karnataka with the highest number of tigers.
In other areas
- The Sunderbans did not report an increase in the numbers because of a low prey base and other factors.
- Odisha reported a fall in number.