The news

The State of Uttarakhand is soon going to have 2 new Tiger Reserves.

This will bring the total number of Tiger Reserves in the State at 4.

The two new reserves are being developed at:

  • Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary, which falls under the Terai Arc Landscape spanning across India and Nepal
  • Surai Range in the Terai East division of the Uttarakhand

The State already has 2 Tiger Reserves.

  1. Corbett Tiger Reserve
  2. Rajaji Tiger Reserve

According to the tiger census data released in 2015, Uttarakhand has 340 tigers. This makes the State to have the second highest tiger population in the country after Karnataka.

Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve has the country’s largest population of tigers. (Read more)

About Tiger Reserves
  • Tiger Reserves are protected areas established under the Project Tiger, India’s flagship wildlife conservation programme for protecting the National Animal of India – Tiger (Panthera tigris)
  • The Project Tiger was launched in 1973
  • The Tiger Reserves enjoy the status of National Parks in India.
  • Since 2006, the Tiger Reserves have been administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), which is a statutory body established under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

India, as on 20 December, 2016, has 50 Tiger Reserves. The list of Tiger Reserves is given below statewise.

Sl. No. Name of Tiger Reserve State
1 Nagarjunsagar Srisailam (part) Andhra Pradesh
2 Namdapha Arunachal Pradesh
3 Kamlang Tiger Reserve Arunachal Pradesh
4 Pakke Arunachal Pradesh
5 Manas Assam
6 Nameri Assam
7 Orang Tiger Reserve Assam 
8 Kaziranga Assam
9 Valmiki Bihar
10 Udanti-Sitanadi Chattisgarh
11 Achanakmar Chattisgarh
12 Indravati Chhattisgarh
13 Palamau Jharkhand
14 Bandipur Karnataka
15 Bhadra Karnataka
16 Dandeli-Anshi Karnataka
17 Nagarahole Karnataka
18 Biligiri Ranganatha Temple Karnataka
19 Periyar Kerala
20 Parambikulam Kerala
21 Kanha Madhya Pradesh
22 Pench Madhya Pradesh
23 Bandhavgarh Madhya Pradesh
24 Panna Madhya Pradesh
25 Satpura Madhya Pradesh
26 Sanjay-Dubri Madhya Pradesh
27 Melghat Maharashtra
28 Tadoba-Andhari Maharashtra
29 Pench Maharashtra
30 Sahyadri Maharashtra
31 Nawegaon-Nagzira Maharashtra
32 Bor Maharashtra
33 Dampa Mizoram
34 Similipal Odisha
35 Satkosia Odisha
36 Ranthambore Rajasthan
37 Sariska Rajasthan
38 Mukandra Hills Rajasthan
39 Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tamil Nadu
40 Anamalai Tamil Nadu  
41 Mudumalai Tamil Nadu
42 Sathyamangalam Tamil Nadu
43 Kawal Telangana
44 Amrabad Telangana
45 Dudhwa Uttar Pradesh
46 Pilibhit Uttar Pradesh
47 Amangarh (buffer of Corbett TR) Uttar Pradesh
Corbett Uttarakhand
48 Rajaji TR Uttarakhand
49 Sunderbans West Bengal
50 Buxa West Bengal
Latest figures on Tigers in India

Status of Tigers in India, 2014” report was released in the public domain in January 2015. The report is prepared by collaborative efforts of NTCA and WII. This is the third round of the country-level tiger assessment. The earlier rounds were done in 2006 and 2010.

The highlights of the 2014 tiger census

  • India now has 70 per cent of the tiger population in the world
  • The total number is about 2,226 big cats. These tigers are present in 3,78,118 sq.km of forests in 47 reserves in 18 States.
  • It is a rise of 30 per cent from 1,706 in 2010
  • The average rate of annual rise since 2006 is 6% per annum.
  • This is truly remarkable while the world lost 97 per cent tigers in the last 50 years in 13 countries.

Distribution of tigers in India

In Western Ghats Landscape complex

  • Western Ghats Landscape complex — Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and Tamil Nadu — has 776 tigers (up from 402 in 2006). It holds world’s single largest population of tigers.
  • The largest increase is recorded in the The Mudumalai-Bandipur-Nagarahole-Wayanad complex holds the world’s single largest tiger population currently estimated at over 570 tigers (in 11,000 sq.km of habitat), the report says.
  • Karnataka has the highest number of tigers (406).
  • Goa now has a persistent tiger presence with 3 to 5 animals.

Uttatrakhand

  • Tiger population in Uttarakhand has risen from 227 to 340 since the last census, becoming the second State in the country after Karnataka with the highest number of tigers.

In other areas

  • The Sunderbans did not report an increase in the numbers because of a low prey base and other factors.
  • Odisha reported a fall in number.