Uttarakhand to get two new tiger reserves

The news

The State of Uttarakhand is soon going to have 2 new Tiger Reserves.

This will bring the total number of Tiger Reserves in the State at 4.

The two new reserves are being developed at:

  • Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary, which falls under the Terai Arc Landscape spanning across India and Nepal
  • Surai Range in the Terai East division of the Uttarakhand

The State already has 2 Tiger Reserves.

  1. Corbett Tiger Reserve
  2. Rajaji Tiger Reserve

According to the tiger census data released in 2015, Uttarakhand has 340 tigers. This makes the State to have the second highest tiger population in the country after Karnataka.

Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve has the country’s largest population of tigers. (Read more)

About Tiger Reserves
  • Tiger Reserves are protected areas established under the Project Tiger, India’s flagship wildlife conservation programme for protecting the National Animal of India – Tiger (Panthera tigris)
  • The Project Tiger was launched in 1973
  • The Tiger Reserves enjoy the status of National Parks in India.
  • Since 2006, the Tiger Reserves have been administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), which is a statutory body established under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

India, as on 20 December, 2016, has 50 Tiger Reserves. The list of Tiger Reserves is given below statewise.

Sl. No.Name of Tiger ReserveState
1Nagarjunsagar Srisailam (part)Andhra Pradesh
2NamdaphaArunachal Pradesh
3Kamlang Tiger ReserveArunachal Pradesh
4PakkeArunachal Pradesh
5ManasAssam
6NameriAssam
7Orang Tiger ReserveAssam 
8KazirangaAssam
9ValmikiBihar
10Udanti-SitanadiChattisgarh
11AchanakmarChattisgarh
12IndravatiChhattisgarh
13PalamauJharkhand
14BandipurKarnataka
15BhadraKarnataka
16Dandeli-AnshiKarnataka
17NagaraholeKarnataka
18Biligiri Ranganatha TempleKarnataka
19PeriyarKerala
20ParambikulamKerala
21KanhaMadhya Pradesh
22PenchMadhya Pradesh
23BandhavgarhMadhya Pradesh
24PannaMadhya Pradesh
25SatpuraMadhya Pradesh
26Sanjay-DubriMadhya Pradesh
27MelghatMaharashtra
28Tadoba-AndhariMaharashtra
29PenchMaharashtra
30SahyadriMaharashtra
31Nawegaon-NagziraMaharashtra
32BorMaharashtra
33DampaMizoram
34SimilipalOdisha
35SatkosiaOdisha
36RanthamboreRajasthan
37SariskaRajasthan
38Mukandra HillsRajasthan
39Kalakad-MundanthuraiTamil Nadu
40AnamalaiTamil Nadu  
41MudumalaiTamil Nadu
42SathyamangalamTamil Nadu
43KawalTelangana
44AmrabadTelangana
45DudhwaUttar Pradesh
46PilibhitUttar Pradesh
47Amangarh (buffer of Corbett TR)Uttar Pradesh
CorbettUttarakhand
48Rajaji TRUttarakhand
49SunderbansWest Bengal
50BuxaWest Bengal
Latest figures on Tigers in India

Status of Tigers in India, 2014” report was released in the public domain in January 2015. The report is prepared by collaborative efforts of NTCA and WII. This is the third round of the country-level tiger assessment. The earlier rounds were done in 2006 and 2010.

The highlights of the 2014 tiger census

  • India now has 70 per cent of the tiger population in the world
  • The total number is about 2,226 big cats. These tigers are present in 3,78,118 sq.km of forests in 47 reserves in 18 States.
  • It is a rise of 30 per cent from 1,706 in 2010
  • The average rate of annual rise since 2006 is 6% per annum.
  • This is truly remarkable while the world lost 97 per cent tigers in the last 50 years in 13 countries.

Distribution of tigers in India

In Western Ghats Landscape complex

  • Western Ghats Landscape complex — Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and Tamil Nadu — has 776 tigers (up from 402 in 2006). It holds world’s single largest population of tigers.
  • The largest increase is recorded in the The Mudumalai-Bandipur-Nagarahole-Wayanad complex holds the world’s single largest tiger population currently estimated at over 570 tigers (in 11,000 sq.km of habitat), the report says.
  • Karnataka has the highest number of tigers (406).
  • Goa now has a persistent tiger presence with 3 to 5 animals.

Uttatrakhand

  • Tiger population in Uttarakhand has risen from 227 to 340 since the last census, becoming the second State in the country after Karnataka with the highest number of tigers.

In other areas

  • The Sunderbans did not report an increase in the numbers because of a low prey base and other factors.
  • Odisha reported a fall in number.