Why does this article matter to you?
In this article, we can see that how genomic and proteomic studies in order organisms can be helpful to the human beings. This field of the study is known as comparative genomics. It explains to you why the scientists are interested in studying the genome of not only humans but also of other species.
Recently, scientists at the USA’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) led by Mr. Ben Neelythe just finished creating a detailed, searchable index of all the proteins found in the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) genome.
The project is built on years of Dolphin research.
Although a detailed map of the bottlenose dolphin genome was first compiled in 2008, recent technological breakthroughs enabled the creation of a new, more exhaustive map of all of the proteins produced by the dolphins’ DNA.
The project aims to provide a new level of bioanalytical measurements.
A genome is the complete set of genetic material present in an organism. Neely’s study is part of an emerging field called proteomics. In proteomics, an oragsnisms full set of proteins are characterized and catalogued.
The results of this work will aid wildlife biologists, veterinary professionals and biomedical researchers.
Importance of this project
- The zoo and aquarium industry, which generates revenues of approximately $16 billion a year, could use it to improve the care of bottlenose dolphins.
- In addition, improved dolphin proteomics could improve assessments of wild dolphin populations, and provide an immense amount of data on environmental contaminants and the safety and health of the world’s oceanic food web.
Importance for Humans
Comparing the proteins of humans and these other mammals is already providing researchers with new information about how the human body works. Those findings may eventually be used to develop new, more precise treatment methods for common medical problems.
Dolphins and humans are very, very similar creatures. As mammals, we share a number of proteins and our bodies function in many similar ways, even though we are terrestrial and dolphins live in the water all their lives.
Mapping all the proteins found in the dolphin genome may pave the way for finding a new way to treat some common diseases that affect humans.
Studies have recently revealed a protein, known as vanin-1, may help the marine mammals protect their kidneys. Humans produce vanin-1, but in much smaller amounts.
Researchers would like to gather more information on whether or not elevating levels of vanin-1 may offer protection to kidneys.