In the recent past, the Government of India has taken up a number of digital initiatives to enhance the quality of education at school level.
Some of the important initiatives include the following.
- The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has created a website, namely, Swayam and Swayam mobile app to make study material available online to students.
- The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has also launched a web portal and a mobile app, namely, e-Pathshala, which provides access to textbooks and other resources developed by the NCERT.
- The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has started e-CBSE website and mobile apps to make the study material of CBSE available online to students.
- Ministry of Human Resource Development has developed an online platform, namely, SHAGUN for monitoring Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), the flagship programme of the Government of India supporting Universalization of Elementary Education. It provides a Management Information System (MIS) to evaluate state level performance.
- With a vision of improving children’s education by enhancing interaction between schools as well as parents, the CBSE has developed an in-house decision support system called ‘SARANSH’. The system provides the following facilities:
- Data driven analysis empowering Schools and Parents to take best decisions for students.
- All the performance metrices are presented through numbers as well as charts/ graphs for easy understanding.
- Equip schools and parents to review student’s performance in various subjects.
- It helps school to look performance in scholastic areas at an aggregate level and at the level of each student.
- It also provides comparative information regarding the performance of students at State and National level.
Responsibilities of the State Governments
Education, being a subject in the Concurrent List of the Constitution and majority of schools are under the jurisdiction of the State/Union Territory Governments, it is for the respective State/ Union Territory Governments to take appropriate measure for the use of technology to bring transparency in school education system and to reduce the burden of examinations. No time-limit can be set by the Central Government in this regard.